Monday, September 23, 2013

般若品第二 (10)

慧能叫大家听他念颂:

说到法通及自心通,有如大日处虚空;唯有传授见性法,出世度众破邪宗。
法本来就不分顿渐,迷悟时间有快慢;只有这见性法门,庸愚的人不能知。

说法即使万般异,合得理体仍归一。烦恼黑暗住宅中,时常须要慧日照。
邪念来是烦恼到,正念来是烦恼除;邪正二念都不用,清净极至无余境。

菩提本是自性觉,若起心念就是妄;净心处在妄心中,但正心念无三障。
世人若要修佛道,一切法门都不妨。时常自己反省过,与道即就能相当。

众生各自俱有道,各自修行不相妨。自离其道别求道,终身无法得见道。
风尘波波了一生,最后还是自懊恼。想要得见真实道,行为正直就是道。(波波=辛苦)

自己如果无道心,暗行不能得见道。若是真正修道人,不见世间的过非。
如果只见他人错,己却过非偏了左;他人有非我不非,我非人是自己过。

只要自止非人心,就能破除烦恼障。憎怒喜爱不关心,稳伸两脚自在卧。
想要教导感化人,自己须有方便法。不使他人有所疑,就是自性的显现。

佛法常住在世间,并不离开世间觉,离开世间寻菩提,正如寻求兔子角。
正见名为出世智,邪见名为世间惑;邪正两见尽扫净,菩提自性分明见。

这首颂是顿教法,亦是名为大法船,迷闻不悟历多劫,顿悟只在刹那间。


六祖又说:

“如今我在大梵寺说的这顿教法门,普施法界众生,但愿在我言下即时得此见性正法、成就自性真佛。”

当时,韦刺使与官僚和在会的僧俗弟子,听了六祖的讲说,均一一反省悔悟,大家都向六祖顶礼,一同赞叹:“太好了!真没想到在岭南这荒蛮之地,竟然有佛出世!”



(论议)
禅学是以心的自性为中心,故六祖要人注重心通见性,不要在相上摸索。一切不在功过得失上著想,一切要在自性上自悟自证。到得内证心源时,那就是所谓心通。明心见性,明白本来的面目,才是明白佛法。



Tuesday, September 17, 2013

东京奥运、能办得成功吗?

2013年9月7日,国际奥林匹克委员会、在阿根廷的布宜诺斯艾利斯、所举行第125次全体会议上、宣布东京为第三十二届夏季奥林匹克运动会的主办城市,许多人禁不住发出疑问:“有无搞错啊?”

 为了和西班牙的马德里,以及土耳其的伊斯坦布尔争夺2020年的夏季奥林匹克主办权,日本组成了号称史上最强的申办团。会长当然是现任东京都知事,至於委员、议长、顾问等,几乎网络了日本的包括产官学财政界在内的所有排上名头的人物,更加上现所有的阁僚。

7月时,以财务大臣为首的强大游说团,去到瑞士参加奥组委的申办答辩;为了讨好法语圈的奥组委委员,连日法混血美女播音员也一同出征,在会场用法语进行讲演。
在赢得了奥运主办权后,日本政府向外发出制定针对福岛核电站污水泄漏问题的治理措施,福岛县居民以及地方政府,对此却嗤之以鼻,“是为了奥运才制定措施?迟唔迟滴啊?”

 由於福岛第一核电站事故发生后,至今日本政府没有依《儿童灾民生活支援法》、制定具体支援方案,福岛县、郡山市、枥木县、那须县、宫城县居民已经向东京地方法院提起诉讼,将日本复兴厅告上法庭。包括福岛渔民以及一些日本有识之士,认为国家对污染水的对策一而再,再而三的延误,污染水的泄漏不断恶化,而他们的首相竟然在阿根廷放话保证污染水外泄问题的绝对安全,那简直是网顾事实,令人疑惑震惊、难以置信。

日本法政大学教授水岛宏明也认为:尽管在东京召开奥运,是大多数国民所希望的,但是听了首相的发言,很多人都觉得他言过其实,在福岛的人们和关心核事故发展的人看来,这个人明明就是张大眼睛在撒谎。


下面转载的是:Dr. Helen Caldicott 对福岛核电污染事件更加深入分析的一篇文章

RT: Endless Fukushima catastrophe: 2020 Olympics under contamination threat

Will this be the next ‘event’? Will this perhaps be the event that brings the ETs to our aid? Will we then be able to welcome them with the thanks and gratitude they deserve, or is this is our own ‘karma’ to straighten out?  I do believe the ETs will not permit extensive nuclear war — not because of us, but because of the awesome energetic damage that would occur throughout our Universe, should we destroy our Mother, the Earth. I wish I knew  the answers to these questions. . . but what I do know is that I trust it will all end well . . . I have walked a very tough road, and somewhere along the way I have learned to trust the Creator . . . ~J
Dr Helen Caldicott is one of the most articulate and passionate advocates of citizen action to remedy the nuclear and environmental crises.
Published time: September 15, 2013 11:06
AFP Photo / TEPCO AFP Photo / TEPCO
As the escape of radiation at Fukushima seems virtually unstoppable, there are still steps that governments all over the world should take to prevent worst case consequences. One of them would be canceling the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo.
Scientific estimates predict that the radioactive plume travelling east across the Pacific will likely hit the shores of Oregon, Washington State and Canada early next year. California will probably be impacted later that year. Because the ongoing flow of water from the reactor site will be virtually impossible to stop, a radioactive plume will continue to migrate across the Pacific affecting Hawaii, North America, South America and eventually Australia for many decades.
We are only talking about ocean currents, however, fish swim thousands of miles and don’t necessarily follow the currents. As noted in Part I, big fish concentrate radiation most efficiently, and tuna have already been caught off the coast of California containing cesium from Fukushima. Seaweed also efficiently concentrates radioactive elements.
As I contemplate the future at Fukushima, it seems that the escape of radiation is virtually unstoppable. The levels of radiation in buildings 1, 2 and 3 are now so high that no human can enter or get close to the molten cores. It will therefore be impossible to remove these cores for hundreds of years if ever.

Buildings 1, 2 & 3

If one of these buildings collapses, the targeted flow of cooling water to the pools and cores would cease, the cores would become red hot and possibly ignite releasing massive amounts of radiation into the air and water and the fuel in the cooling pools could ignite. It is strange that neither the US government in particular nor the global community seem to be concerned about these imminent possibilities and exhibit no urge to avert catastrophe.
Similarly the global media is strangely disconnected with the ongoing crisis. Most importantly, the Japanese government until very recently has obstinately refused to invite and collaborate with foreign experts from nuclear engineering companies and/or governments.

Building 4

This structure was severely damaged during the initial quake, its walls are bulging, and it sank 31 inches (79cm) into the ground. On the roof sits a cooling pool containing about 250 tons of hot fuel rods, most of which had just been removed from the reactor core days before the earthquake struck. This particular core did not melt because TEPCO was able maintain a continuous flow of cooling water, so the rods and their holding racks are still intact, but geometrically deformed due to the force of the hydrogen explosion.
The cooling pool contains 8,800 pounds of plutonium plus over 100 other highly radioactive isotopes. Instead of this core melting into a larval mass like the other three cores, it sits exposed to the air atop the shaky building. A large earthquake could disrupt the integrity of the building, causing it to collapse and taking the hot fuel rods with it. The cooling water would evaporate and the intrinsic heat of the radioactive rods would ignite a fire as the zirconium cladding reacted with air, releasing the radioactive equivalent of 14,000 Hiroshima-sized bombs and 10 times more cesium than Chernobyl.
AFP Photo / TEPCO AFP Photo / TEPCO
Not only would the Northern Hemisphere become badly contaminated, but the Japanese government is seriously contemplating evacuating 35 million people from Tokyo should this happen. TEPCO has constructed a steel frame to strengthen the shaky building in order to place a massive crane on the roof so they can extract the hot rods by remote control. This operation is always performed by computer and a remote manually-controlled extraction has never been attempted before. If the rods are deformed, a rod could fracture releasing so much radiation that the workers would have to evacuate or, should they touch each other, a chain reaction could release huge amounts of radiation.
I defer to Arnie Gundersen, a nuclear engineer in whom I have great faith. He says that a 2-meter thick zeolite wall should be constructed some distance from the reactors on the mountainside, which would effectively absorb the cesium from the water surrounding the reactor cores so it could not get out and further pollute the pure water descending from the mountain. At the same time, channels must be constructed to pump and divert the unpolluted mountain water into the sea. Then the three molten cores and their associated buildings could be immersed in concrete as the Soviets did at Chernobyl, and the situation could possibly be neutralized for about 100 years. What our poor descendants will then decide to do with this radioactive rubbish dump is beyond my comprehension.
However, as one Japanese official said, “If we just buried them no one would look at another nuclear plant for years.”An interesting reaction, so it is perfectly obvious that despite the calamity, they still want to pursue the nuclear option.
North America and Canada the EPA should immediately start monitoring the fish routinely caught off the west coast and it must also, as a matter of urgency, establish many effective airborne monitors up and down the west coast and across the US continent, so that if there is another large release of radiation it will be effectively measured and the information rapidly passed on to the public. The same holds true for Canada.
The US and Canadian governments must forthwith ban imported food from Japan, unless each batch is monitored for contamination, and the food grown in the US and Canada needs to be effectively monitored pending another major accident. The US has allowed food measuring up to 1,200 Becquerels per kilo to be sold in the US from Japan, while the Japanese allowable concentration for food is only 100 Becquerels per kilo. What does the US government think it is doing purposely exposing people to radioactive food? This situation must be urgently amended.
An aerial view shows the Tokyo Electric Power Co.'s (TEPCO) tsunami-crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant and its contaminated water storage tanks (top) in Fukushima, in this photo taken by Kyodo August 31, 2013.(Reuters / Kyodo)An aerial view shows the Tokyo Electric Power Co.’s (TEPCO) tsunami-crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant and its contaminated water storage tanks (top) in Fukushima, in this photo taken by Kyodo August 31, 2013.(Reuters / Kyodo)

Nuclear Olympics

Given these impending problems, how can Japanese Prime Minister Abe possibly say that Tokyo will be safe for the Olympics? He actually said that “there is absolutely no problem” and “the situation is under control.” Does he not understand that parts of Tokyo are already radioactively contaminated and that his government is dumping ashes from the incineration of thousands of tons of radioactive debris from the tsunami and earthquake into Tokyo Bay? Is this what the athletes will be swimming in?
What if there is another major release of radiation before the Olympics? Young fit people who have spent years in rigorous training must, under no circumstances be exposed to radioactive air, food or water. And how can Abe possibly consider spending all thatmoney housing people in expensive accommodation and constructing stadiums etc. when his own people – 160,000 Fukushima refugees – live in shacks and millions still live in highly radioactive zones and when the Fukushima complex is out of control?

Wednesday, September 11, 2013

谁在越战中得益?

大巴驶近胡志明市的「战争博物馆」,越南地陪阿Kent,又开始叮嘱在座各位了,这趟是要咱们好好记住,在馆内看那些恐怖核突照片时,嘴巴要紧紧闭上,千万不要批评骂美国佬,免得令正在馆内参观的其他洋人难堪。真是此地无银三百两,看来一定是曾经发生过游客在馆内,看到那些挂在墙上的血腥照片时,忍不住破口大骂美国人、当年在越南所干下的“好事”。



这所开设于1975年的博物馆,原名叫做「美国战争罪恶馆」,1995年越南和美国恢复邦交后,就立刻改名叫做「战争遗迹博物馆」。




所谓的遗迹,除了很多很多惨不忍睹的震撼照片外,另有陈列在馆外的美国战机、直升机、坦克、毒气弹、炮弹等武器;加上美军对越共战俘施以酷刑的器具,如断头台、关囚犯的兽笼、禁闭女战俘如焗炉般的密室等等等等。








1968年3月16日,一队美兵在越南广义省的美莱村(My Lai)进行大屠杀、轮奸、肢解尸体等暴行。屠杀事件被掩盖了一年多,直到先后有几个美国士兵,写信反映自己所在部队的暴行,并提到美莱村惨绝人寰的大屠杀。
虽然美国陆军极力封锁美莱村屠杀消息,可是纸又岂能包得住火呢?一年后,美国记者Seymont Hersh把惨案揭发,1969年11月12日《纽约客/The New Yorker》杂志刊登了(Tham sat My Lai/惨杀美莱)的丑闻,国际社会哗然,也间接促使美国境内反战情绪高涨。
美国政府惟有演演戏向大家交待一下,于1971年3月,军事法庭把一名曾经下令开火、叫做凯利的陆军中尉,判处终身监禁。不过很快的经上诉后,凯利被减刑至四个半月,另有25人被起诉,最后全部都无罪释放。

“Kill Everything That Moves”就是一部揭露越战期间,美军暴行的历史著作,身为记者、历史学家兼作家的Nick Turse 化了10年时间,走访了超过100名美国越南战争退伍军人,得到大多数老兵的合作,获得许多新的档案以及有关资料。



一场打了14年的越战,让三百万以上的越南人丢失生命,导致两百万人伤残,三十万人失踪;战争导致越南经济萧条,百姓流离失所。越战给越南留下了88万孤儿、100万寡妇、和20万的妓女。



最记得在一部韩剧中,男主角说的一句话:“一场越战,让韩国有机会从经济废墟中重生。”
此话可怎么说呢?

话说美国人打仗最爱搞联盟,拉上几个仆从国组成联军,以示所谓的“ 正义”,当然另一方面,可以藉此减少美军的伤亡。在越南战争中,美国要求盟国出兵,其中,表现得最积极的就是韩国。

开始时,美韩媒体曾经把韩国派出第一支工兵连到越南的事件曝光,引起韩国民众和左翼分子的不满,但在总统朴正熙的独裁统治下,很少人敢站出来公开反对。美军对韩兵的表现非常满意,希望邀请更多的韩国部队参战。



美国为它的顾佣兵提供了一切装备、训练、交通运输及后勤方面的保障,负担了所有驻越韩军的费用,其中有日本支付的8亿美元。驻越的韩军士兵所得到的物质奖励,是当时韩国国内平均工资的两倍。韩国派兵越南的10年里面,韩国经济每年保持10%左右的增长率,为当时世界第一位,出口以及外汇储备增长将近30倍。由此可见,韩国出兵越南,获得了莫大的好处,乘机会大发战争财,让自己的国家经济腾飞。朴正熙的强烈要求下,从1963年开始至1973年,韩国前后计有超过32万军人出战越南。

战后,根据一位越南老人的泣血控诉:“第二次世界大战后,加上和法国的战争,越南人一共战斗了30年。国土被摧残殆尽,经济严重倒退,其中最残忍和野蛮的就是韩国军队;他们烧毁村子,残杀人民,连死人的耳朵也要削掉。比当美国人的俘虏更加悲惨,一旦给韩国人俘虏了就只有死亡,越南女人都给韩国人做慰安妇,和韩国人所生下的混血儿,少说也有一万以上--------”

2001年8月23日,当时的韩国总统金大钟,向到访的越南国家主席陈德良,就越战时“韩国派兵参战,无意中给越南人民带来痛苦”,表示谢罪。



Thursday, September 5, 2013

头顿的观音菩萨寺





越南头顿有间观音菩萨寺,入门即见高约20米的观音像,面向大海,迎接那些在20多年前投奔怒海、侥倖存活的越南华人,再次能够重返家园。地陪阿Kent介绍说,以前逃出去的越南华人,有些在异国赚了钱,於是回越南建造了这所观音寺,向菩萨感恩。(越南话的“谢谢”,就是来自汉字的感恩,念作“cam on”)




观音寺的建筑看起来很新颖,里面的一栋一梁,都刻上捐赠者的姓名。阿Kent说,当年战后的越南华人,是因为害怕共产党而逃离家园,其实也不尽然。



据历史记载,1979年,世界两大超级强国苏联和美国,正处於冷战时期,而中国和苏联的关系,也恰恰处在恶劣的情况下,为了要在战略上围堵中国,苏联拉拢了中南半岛的越南来当它的打手。

70年代的乒乓外交,为中美开始恢复了正常邦交,苏联和越南,妒嫉担忧恐惧得寝食难安。越战结束后,在苏联的支持下,越南开始在中南半岛逐步括张它的势力,占领老挝、入侵柬普寨,和中国打边境战,试图建立印度支那联邦,严重威胁着亚洲的安全和稳定。
最记得那时候家里的老人家,一面翻着报纸,一面大声说:“惨咯!尼个衰鬼越南,旧时俾美国佬虾到佢半死,而加反而博命打人地?容乜易俾佢打埋泰国,直入马来半岛架!”



其实在1975年越南统一后,就开始了排华的行动,随着越南倒向苏联这个大靠山,也跟着和中国交恶,打着消灭资本主义的口号,开始有针对性的没收华人的财产,并把华人驱逐出境。

1977年,越南全国掀起排华高潮,大批华人被驱逐出国;在北方,许多在很早以前从中国迁居越南边境地区的边民,都被以“净化边境地区”的理由赶出境。在南部,大约有3万家华人商店被迫关闭,继而大批驱赶旅居越南各地的华侨。根据统计,仅仅是被赶回中国的华人就有16万以上。



当年东南亚各国,对收容庞大的难民人数不盛於负荷,均抨击越南进行这种变相直接输出难民的买卖。绝大多数是华人的难民,每人平均需交纳12两黄金(约3000美元)的出境税,然后被赶上破旧的渔船,投奔怒海,越南官员和士兵均在场监督把难民送上船。据联合国难民署透露,仅在1979年的4月份,越南当局在难民身上,劫掠了2.4亿美元,1979年全年,发难民财可达30亿美元。



1975年,第一批越南难民抵达香港,之后平均每天有1千人抵港求助。1979年,香港成为了国际难民署指定的“第一收容港”,前后总共收留了大概有20万越南难民,难民营成为香港政府一个沉重负担。直到今天,联合国难民专员公署,还欠下香港11.62亿港元的债项。
70、80年代,香港拍了许多部和越南难民有关的电影和电视剧:好像《抉择》、《势不低头》、《今生无悔》、许鞍华导演的《投奔怒海》、《胡越的故事》等等等等--------



根据联合国难民总署的统计,总共有超过2百万越南人民大逃亡,难民分别在香港、泰国、大马、菲律宾、新加坡及印尼登陆,有的远涉重洋,在几千里外的澳洲上岸。越南难民在海上漂泊,没有目的地,是死是活,听天由命。有人经过惊涛骇浪,侥倖生存,有人因覆舟,而惨遭没顶。至於那些中途饿死、渴死、病殁、溺毙葬身大海的罹难者不计其数,许多西方国家官员皆认为,最少有一半的逃难者已经葬身大海。当年的李光耀,把越南这种输出难民的所作所为,形容为残酷无情野蛮的政治讹诈。




阿Kent告诉咱们,现在的越南华人,虽然人口不多,大约是250万,占总人口1%左右,可是受到当局相当好的对待。



越南华人还是那么的勤劳,骑着摩托车载着衣物兜售的越南华妇,在头顿随着我们的旅巴四处转。他们做生意的手法非常灵活,游客不用担心有没换到越南盾,无论是马币、新元、美元、人民币、港币、新台币,只要是钱,就可以换取他们的货物。

1992年,越南新政策出炉,华侨纷纷回归,一些华人企业进入金融和高科技等领域,成为当地知名和具实力的大型集团。华人企业己达到将近一万家,主要从事塑胶、食品、机械、玻璃等行业。以广东人、潮州人和福建人为主,越南华人多居住在南方,约有50万华人生活在胡志明市。由於一些华人企业对当地经济发展、作出了突出的贡献,获得越南政府授予劳动勋章。
正如阿Kent所言,目前的越南华人,在社会上受到相当的尊重,甚至成为被大众学习的对象。